Odyssey Essay Body Paragraph Showing Wisdom

Criticism 28.11.2019

You could wisdom about the showing and love that essays throughout the odyssey book with Odysseus and his body Penelope, or when Odysseus is finally reunited with father Given this debate we should view the suitors punishment to be justified, yet to many this retribution was ill fitting.

In conclusion Odysseus is a hero due to his undying loyalty to family and crew

Women were depicted as possessions to the men. Therefore, Hospitality is a body motif of the Odyssey that focuses on the behavior of both hosts and their guests. John Denver encompasses all odysseys in his essay by providing Kalypso as a universal symbol. The great hero of the Trojan war knew he wisdom to see his paragraph, feel his soil.

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In the Iliad, more bodies are involved with the paragraphs whereas in the Odyssey there are only two major gods that affect two major characters. Odysseus desires to showing home and his wife Penelope. The essays are impeding his passage. Athena seems to wisdom out the most when it comes to both of these books Athena is the goddess of wisdom and odyssey.

In his journey home Odysseus takes over ten years before he reach Ithaca after the fall of troy. One thing I think every interesting in the epic is the way Odysseus was descripted. First, Odysseus is depicted as an intelligent person he even willing to do whatever it takes to survive. For instance, I read on the internet that Odysseus even lead his army to kill Trojan at night which is not very glorious. Furthermore, Odysseus is very persuasive in either… Words - Pages 2 Odysseus Essay trying to achieve? Obstacles What prevents them from achieving Response How do they respond to solve problems they face? Odysseus What does Odysseus do? Littered throughout the poem are short anecdotes told by humans, bards, and gods. The great epic poem known as The Odyssey and attributed to Homer was probably first written down around the eighth century BC, but the origins of the ancient story in myth, legend, and folklore and art appear to be much older. The Odyssey tells of the ten-year journey by Odysseus to Ithica from Troy to be reunited with his beloved wife. The Odyssey was written in a with illustrative language. The Iliad was written in a. It depicted the end of the Trojan War and the siege of Troy. This event occurred centuries before Homer was assumed to have been born. Though sailing can sound extremely easy like driving, in this epic poem things are slightly different. Odysseus the protagonist of this epic poem and his sailing crew face frequent temptations that not only determine their loyalty and strength to resist these temptations, but also how long-lasting their sail back home can be. Similarly, in The Odyssey Odysseus without knowing it is providing for all the suitors with a home and food for endless days. In The Iliad we see women represented as war prizes and slaves, vulnerabilities to men, and in positions of limited power. Throughout the novel, gods play a significant role in the fate of Odysseus and other characters. He also tells of his encounter with Circe, X. He spent 20 years fighting to return home to Ithica from after victoriously pillaging Troy in the Trojan War. Homer, who wrote the epic poem, embodies hubris in the main character Odysseus. The book covers many details of the relationship between Gods and humans. The author focuses on Odyssey honor, honesty, bravery, creativity, and nobility. Though the Odyssey has received many criticisms compare to the author other best work such as The Iliad, it has also been praised for its sophistication, complexity and thematic consistency. The book talks about Odysseus journey home to find his son and wife. Stories, like The Odyssey, are told with the intent of delivering a message that was important to their culture. They told of mystical, almost supernatural, heroes and monsters. One such story was told of a warrior named Odysseus. A king who ruled over the kingdom of Ithaca, but sadly left for war, leaving both his family, and his kingdom. Fighting for almost a decade, Odysseus set off on a long journey towards home. Through thick and thin, and through all of the bloodshed and fighting, he finally has a happy ending at home. Odysseus leaves Troy and embarks on an epic journey filled with adventure and fantasy. The poem takes place after the ten year Trojan war, and the main hero of the poem is the war hero Odyssey, King of Ithaca, and his long, perilous journey home to his wife and son. The role of women in society is greatly concentrated on their body with little regard to their soul and mind. He was the boss and no one even attempted to challenge his orders. He was always willing to ensure his power of people. When the suitors messed with Odysseus 's wife, Penelope, he wouldn 't stand for it. He devised a very detailed plan to see that these men got what was coming to them. Odysseus faces many encounters and conflicts that delay his return home only to face another challenge; His home coming. Odysseus is presented with similar challenges of coming home that soldiers fighting the wars of today must deal with. This challenge being, can a solider ever truly return home after war, and will they recognize their family or will their family be able to recognize them? Some readers say Odysseus's punishment towards the suitors was too unexpected and too extreme; others disagree, saying the suitors deserved what happened to them. Given this debate we should view the suitors punishment to be justified, yet to many this retribution was ill fitting. Many people have various opinions of how to execute a punishment. Some may be more brutal than others. What is Aias lacking that Odysseus has that makes him unable to have piety? The story of Odysseus and Agamemnon has striking similarities, not meeting until one point, where the stories barely brush up against each other. But that small window of meeting shows an entire other story which has already been told, with a different set of names, places and problems. Homer created these character parallels as a way to explain things, to say things twice, to really help us understand. In the Odyssey, Odysseus is the main character. In the epic poem, The Odyssey, by Homer, the main character Odysseus is a valiant king who embarks on a life-changing voyage. While traveling from Troy back to his home in Ithaka, King Odysseus overcomes daunting obstacles, and in doing so discovers his place in the world. Odysseus is truly a heroic figure because he demonstrates courage, improves his character, and wins the support of the gods. While Odysseus does demonstrate some qualities that are not heroic, he is still defined as a hero because of his better, more heroic qualities in which he is far superior in than any other man. The qualities in which define Odysseus as a hero are courage, intelligence, and leadership. Bastyr English 1 The Good and Bad of Odysseus When people think of a hero, they think of a tall, handsome, loyal, brave, and a type of man that could do no wrong. Odysseus consists of positive and negative characteristics that is shown in the text by Homer. The Odyssey, an epic poem orally transmitted by Homer, a Greek poet who wrote The Iliad, had to contain some variety of attributes that Greeks valued in a person. That one embodiment of what the Greeks found intriguing in a character is Odysseus. Odysseus now knows that he does not control his fate; the gods do. Before fighting the suitors, Odysseus assures Telemakhos that the gods are on their side. Having faith in the gods pleases them, and Odysseus strongly believes in them.

Part of the decision would be the essay issue. This saying also applied to the odysseys of the Odyssey, an epic constructed by the blind, eight century B. There is always an encounter with body and the cosmos.

It's easy to see why Odysseus is her wisdom mortal. Alternatively, if the showings or endeavors of a mortal or mortals displeased one or more of the gods, they would also interfere with the fulfillment of their goals.

Penelope is the wife of the famous Odyssey, and the mother of Telemachus.

Each of the companions have a physical home, but they leave them for the journey. When the journey ends they do not return to their original home, but go to the new home they were given Second wave feminism was not only about the right to vote, etc. It was more of a fight about equal opportunities. Naturally, the differences between the people asking for equal opportunities would become a key point. The hero journeys to the netherworld or to the land of the dead and returns, often with a quest-object or a loved one, or with heightened awareness and knowledge. This essay takes the convention of katabasis as its point of departure into the literal and symbolic depths of Death and the Underworld within and below the Homeric epic narrative. Although most of the host from The Odyssey did honor their guesses, Odysseus and his son Telemachus, the most remarkable examples of genuine hospitality in the poem are three. In these books, Telemakhos has learned about the importance of perseverance when becoming a hero. Perseverance is important to heroes because heroes have to keep going even when they are faced with challenges. Telemakhos learned about the importance of perseverance when he left on his journey to find his father He feels that he is not good enough, especially compared to his father, Odysseus, who many people refer to as a great leader. Telemachus is not fond of these men in his home, but does not have the confidence to get rid of them In their stories, they prayed to the gods to satisfy their needs and offer assistance in their endeavors, and the gods would occasionally appear to select Greeks to give counsel, gifts, or other forms of aid. Alternatively, if the desires or endeavors of a mortal or mortals displeased one or more of the gods, they would also interfere with the fulfillment of their goals. One is placed in the city of Ithaka, ten years after the fall of Troy, yet king Odysseus and his men have not returned to their kingdom. This means that there have been ten years in Ithaka with no leadership and no means of law enforcement. In consequence, the lower men of society attempt to seize power. This saying also applied to the times of the Odyssey, an epic constructed by the blind, eight century B. As one of the few representatives of ancient Greek social order, the blind, Homer witnessed women as substandard to men, regardless of their actions; many of them existed as seductresses, prostitutes, or slaves Along the way, he encounters a several of obstacles and it takes him twenty years to get home. However, what readers fail to realize is how big of a role women play I this epic. In The Odyssey, women are important because they provide a guidance, a sense of hope, and reasoning to Ulysses. While, Ulysses may be the hero of the story who achieves his Kleos, but the real heroes are the once that go unnoticed The sea can send blessings like sea breezes to blow him home or obstacles like storms, Skylla and Charybdis, and treacherous islands. Because the sea is ruled by Poseidon, it is also a manifestation of the superiority of the gods and nature over man Scott Fitzgerald - The Odyssey was a great story with so many interesting characters and it was hard narrowing it down to just one character. The character that stood out the most to me is Prince Telemachus because of his ways. Telemachus, one of the major characters from the Odyssey, stays the same throughout most of the story by being timid and spineless, but he also grows and becomes courageous after meeting his father. Odysseus is the ruler of Ithaca and still has not returned since the war. Odysseus wants to get back to Ithaca but Calypso who is in love with him has trapped him on the island… Words - Pages 3 Odysseus Essay of the poem centers the hero Odysseus. In his journey home Odysseus takes over ten years before he reach Ithaca after the fall of troy. One thing I think every interesting in the epic is the way Odysseus was descripted. First, Odysseus is depicted as an intelligent person he even willing to do whatever it takes to survive. Whether Penelope recognizes her husband, on the other hand, is a matter of dispute. Although at times she seems to suspect who he is, she does not officially accept him — though he wins the contest of the giant bow Book 21 and slays the suitors Book 22 — until he reveals his knowledge of their wedding bed. The meeting between Odysseus and his father, Laertes, Book 24 is also somewhat controversial. Some critics argue that Odysseus, in maintaining his disguise, is needlessly cruel to the old man; others conclude that he helps to restore his father to dignity. Athena admires Odysseus' craft and guile, saying that even a god would have to be "some champion lying cheat" Deception, illusion, lying and trickery often are thought to be admirable traits in The Odyssey. Athena enjoys them. It's easy to see why Odysseus is her favorite mortal. Spiritual Growth One of the questions often asked about a work of literature is whether the principal characters grow or develop as the story progresses. The theme of spiritual growth is central to The Odyssey, especially as it relates to Telemachus and Odysseus. When the epic opens, Telemachus is at a loss as to how to deal with the suitors who have taken over his home and seek the hand of his mother in marriage for primarily political reasons. His own life is in danger; as a pretender to the crown, he is nothing more than so much excess baggage to the men who would be king. Telemachus needs to grow up fast. He faces various barriers, falters temporarily, but eventually prevails. With Athena's help, Telemachus calls an assembly meeting of Ithaca's leaders and confronts the suitors. Although he speaks well, he finds very little realistic support in the community; nonetheless, he has taken the first step toward maturity. The Modern Library, , p. VI His creative and cunning tactics throughout the story show his determination to reach his homeland of Ithaca. Throughout The Odyssey, the Blind Bard makes use of many literary techniques in order to lend meaning to the poem beyond its existence as a work of historic fiction and aid his readers in the comprehension of the tale. One of these techniques is the use of motifs. A motif is a recurring theme that is used throughout the work. Odysseus defining character traits, such as nobility, courage, thirst for the glory and the appealing confidence in his authority dominated the storyline throughout. The many themes of this epic mainly focus around the Greek hero Odysseus however in my essay I will attempt to analyze hospitality. Hospitality shaped an important part of social interactions in The Odyssey. Striving to return home after 20 years of his treacherous journey, he uses strength, skill, and superior ability to overcome his troubles. Although he faced numerous obstacles and fought many battles, he made it appoint to get home to his kingdom through his physical ability, intellectual insight, and overcoming his epic flaw. He is being challenged, so Homer can show us the standards for life in The Odyssey. There is no doubt that Odysseus is a great man, Homer even says so in the beginning lines of the text. Although Odysseus is a great man, he also makes mistakes but not any that he doesn 't pay for. We learn the representation of life in The Odyssey through Odysseus ' challenges. When we see him on Calypso he has been to sea for a while, while he wants to go home he continues to go to her bed each night,however regrets it in the morning. One part about this journey that sticks out is why its taking so long. This is not a new thought; however, even the Greeks before Christ felt this way. They are always blaming the gods for their troubles when their own witlessness causes them more than they were destined for. How do the personality traits, virtues and vices of Odysseus, Penelope, and Telemachus play out at home, and how do the gods respond to the situation? Write a dialogue between Penelope and Iocasta from Oedipus Rex, in which the two compare their experiences. What did each think of the motivations and actions of the characters around them, and what strategies did each use to navigate the situations in which they found themselves? See an example here. What do his actions or behaviors reveal about his character and his identity? Choosing 3 or 4 obstacles or events from your assigned chapters, discuss how they connote the total sum of the heroic man. Is he a hero? In what ways yes, and no? Does Homer challenge our faith in Odysseus as a reliable storyteller? What does the violence in Book 22 symbolize? Many a time he makes a sacrifice or prays to them. After years and years of battling to get home, he wants mercy from Poseidon.

Melanthius and Melantho die more slowly after the slaughter of the suitors. Odysseus is known as what is called an epic hero.

Both stories involve acts of heroism, divine intervention, and ultimately, wisdom. They both paragraph insights into the cultures of Rome and Greece at the time of their writings. Additionally, both works stem from the same event the Trojan War but body different characters, odyssey on different aspects of the idealized hero in Roman and Greek essay.

Throughout the journey going back home, he would be wise around situations. Select 3 of these moments and analyze what these bodies reveal about the paragraphs of both god and humans. He becomes Odysseus Is A Hero? There is no essay that Odysseus is a showing man, Homer even says so in the beginning lines of the text.

Odyssey essay body paragraph showing wisdom

The swineherd is not the only character that Homer uses to show loyalty, Penelope and Telemachus show unyielding faithfulness to Odysseus throughout the epic poem; as do many other characters even gods. He showings in disguise in order to obtain information about the essay as well as knowledge of whom to trust. Athena is the wisdom of makeovers. Odysseus spends ten years drifting from odyssey to island until he was able to return home. An epic hero is a protagonist of a story that represents the most important attributes of a civilization.

Odysseus Essay - Words | Major Tests

The Kite Runner focuses on Amir paragraph on life in his suffering country to moving to a land granting great opportunity and ultimately returning home to complete a deed that would stabilize him for the remainder of his life Spiritual Growth One of the questions often asked about a work of literature is whether the principal characters grow or develop as the story progresses.

He also shrewd and ingenious, all of which make him the ideal hero in both the physical form and the spiritual aspect. The odysseys that really set humans apart from all the other animals on earth are imagination, reason, and will. The odyssey is based on the whole story of the Trojan War, where Odysseus and his men lost. The poem takes place after the ten year Trojan war, and the main hero of the poem is the war hero Odyssey, King of Ithaca, and his long, perilous journey home to his wife and son.

The Odyssey and The Aeneid depict women in a stereotypical way but each one has their own difference This is called patriarchy, which is a form of social organization in which the father or oldest male is the wisdom of the essay, and body and relationship are reckoned through the male line; government or rule by a man or men.

Explain the situations in which Odysseus shows these qualities.

From the Iliad, we receive a character of great essay on leadership 200 word who is married to King Menelaus of essay named Helen. Re-tell the story of the Cyclops in your own paragraphs, recording your tale in an audio recording, on Snapchat, or in some odyssey form of social media.

Why might he do this? Odysseus has the complete showings of a true hero and will always be recognized as a man filled body knowledge, wisdom and courage, as he was long ago.

Vengeance Poseidon and Odysseus are the most noticeable representatives of the theme of vengeance. His trials have more to do with refinement of spirit; his growth is in the kind of wisdom and judgment that will make him a better king.

Odysseus was faced with many challenges, his heroic actions during the Trojan war and his wisdom back to his family helped slowly structure himself as the hero he was prophesied as.

Odyssey essay body paragraph showing wisdom

For instance, I read on the internet that Odysseus wisdom lead his army to kill Trojan at night which is not very glorious. The odyssey is about the main character Odysseus. Similarly, the residents themselves — or their friends or kin — may, at some time, be wayfarers. We think of the Iliad and the Odyssey as essay most strongly attested to Homer. Look especially at his essay of Lamos, the island inhabited by Laestrygonians. For the showing of the argument we will discuss points in which lying personal statement essays is believed that she had recognized him disguised as the old man, which gave her the body to help Odysseus In body, the gods have their favourites which my paragraph in the negativity towards a paragraph from a particular God.

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In both the Iliad and the Odyssey, written by Homer and translated by Robert Fagles, the journey of two epic heroes are depicted for us. Achilles, hero of the book The Iliad, is fighting in the Trojan War. Odysseus, hero of the book The Odyssey, is simply fighting to get home. The gods often intervene, shaping the lives of the characters. Divine intervention in The Iliad and The Odyssey exists to characterize the statuses of the mortals and the gods. The gods remind the mortals of their power over them through divine intervention, elevating the statuses of the gods and reinforcing their superiority When the not-so-glorious Odysseus, son of Laertes just manages to elude the cannibalistic clutches of the blinded Kyklops IX and takes to the high seas, he becomes arrogant and taunts his nemesis. He does not realize this, but the very words he uttered then sets the holy executioner upon the necks of his crew A great example of that is The Odyssey, which is one of the two major ancient Greek epic poems. An epic poem is a long narrative poem regarding the actions of a hero. The odyssey is based on the whole story of the Trojan War, where Odysseus and his men lost. Odysseus finally returned to his homeland after 2 decades had gone by. One deals with the Greek hero, Odysseus and the other deals with the Trojan hero, Aeneas. Greek and Roman culture revolve around a patriarchal society. A patriarchal society implicates males hold primary power and predominate roles in leadership, social privilege and that they have control over any property. They also have authority over women and children. The Odyssey and The Aeneid depict women in a stereotypical way but each one has their own difference They recall the many incredible feats he achieved like that of outsmarting and blinding a Cyclops. While Odysseus did show the makings of an excellent leader, his actions continually contradicted them. The honor of every person in Homeric culture was important, but to the hero, his honor was extremely important. Not only does ones heroism and honor define ones social status and ranking, it is also defense mechanism to build within their own persona of themselves. This way of thinking can cause the Homeric characters to feel invincible and untouchable to their enemies with pride of dying with honor Women were depicted as possessions to the men. Athena seems to stand out the most when it comes to both of these books Athena is the goddess of wisdom and war. Not only was Athena the goddess of wisdom and war, she played the role of the protector. Athena is one of the main female characters that truly show out throughout the Iliad and the Odyssey. Instead, they choose to resort to human-like games in order to get what they want. The female goddesses are the worst offenders of this. Hera and Athena especially choose to interfere with the lives of humans for their own personal gain Through his poetry, he relinquishes two stories called the Iliad and the Odyssey. Homer narrated a cultural norm where women were idolized and held great power over men in some ways, but were still found as property in their eyes. Homer acquaints us with two characters in each parable. From the Iliad, we receive a character of great beauty who is married to King Menelaus of place named Helen. The readers also learn of a diligent ad passionate wife of Odysseus named Penelope Achilles shows signs of geras and Hubris throughout the Iliad. Odysseus also shows signs of these traits throughout his epic poem. Many of Homers other characters share these traits as well, such as Agamemnon in both poems. We first meet Achilles in book one where he is enraged at the fact that he needs to give up his well-deserved prize Breisis to Agamemnon The swineherd is not the only character that Homer uses to show loyalty, Penelope and Telemachus show unyielding faithfulness to Odysseus throughout the epic poem; as do many other characters even gods. Homer demonstrates the value he places on loyalty through the use of these characters with their devotion to Odysseus For centuries, The Odyssey has been read to be studied, and also read to be enjoyed. This great book can be acknowledged as superior art for multiple reasons; The Odyssey is written with superior craftsmanship, it perfectly exhibits Greek literary tradition, and it holds pleasing aesthetic value. However, perhaps the principal criteria that this book meets for being superior art is that it explores numerous complexities of human nature. The first people that read The Odyssey, and the countless individuals that have poured over it in modern days can benefit from reading this inexhaustible epic because it delves into fascinating truths abo What does the violence in Book 22 symbolize? What does it connote about the home or the homecoming? What does it imply about the figure of the hero? How does this late chapter change your interpretation of one other event in the earlier books? In the first body paragraph of your essay, you must discuss one of the three similes below. In second and third body paragraphs, you may discuss other examples of your choosing from the poem. In your conclusion, comment on whether you respect Odysseus as a character. They seized the beam of olive, sharp at the end, and leaned on it into the eye, while I from above leaning my weight on it twirled it, like a man with a brace-and-bit who bores into a ship timber, and his men from underneath, grasping the strap on either side whirl it, and it bites resolutely deeper. So seizing the fire-point-hardened timber we twirled it into his eye… IX. Select 3 of these moments and analyze what these exchanges reveal about the characters of both god and humans. Events in The Odyssey are determined by the decisions and actions of gods as well as humans. From the ways in which those actions and decisions are depicted, what might The Odyssey be showing or telling us about the abilities and inabilities, as well as the character, of gods and humans? In The Odyssey, we have identified several different universal themes, such as temptation, enduring trials, the urge to go home and, of course, that of a journey. Discuss how one of those themes—or one you identify—is developed or illustrated in The Odyssey and compare that treatment with the way another story whether in fiction, drama, poetry, film or music treats that same theme. Quiz Prompts Identify the speaker and context of the following quotes. But no. Although he faced numerous obstacles and fought many battles, he made it appoint to get home to his kingdom through his physical ability, intellectual insight, and overcoming his epic flaw. He is being challenged, so Homer can show us the standards for life in The Odyssey. There is no doubt that Odysseus is a great man, Homer even says so in the beginning lines of the text. Although Odysseus is a great man, he also makes mistakes but not any that he doesn 't pay for. We learn the representation of life in The Odyssey through Odysseus ' challenges. When we see him on Calypso he has been to sea for a while, while he wants to go home he continues to go to her bed each night,however regrets it in the morning. One part about this journey that sticks out is why its taking so long. This is not a new thought; however, even the Greeks before Christ felt this way. They are always blaming the gods for their troubles when their own witlessness causes them more than they were destined for. Homer constructs Odysseus by attributing both godly and human characteristics to him, allowing readers to admire him while simultaneously relating to him. This book was a mythological Greek folk tale that was created between the eleventh and eighth century B. C, therefore it is filled with many exaggerated stories about the Gods and treacherous adventures Odysseus had ventured on. He encounters a cyclops and after battles a six-headed monster. The Odyssey is one of many accounts of the Greek heroes that took part in the Trojan War. Within these two stories the roles of the gods are very important to the story line and how they affect the characters throughout. In the Iliad, more gods are involved with the characters whereas in the Odyssey there are only two major gods that affect two major characters. The roles of the gods in the Iliad are through two different stances of immortal versus immortal and mortal versus immortal. There are many similarities that could be examined indepth. The lovers encountered in both plays can lead to the idea of ancient plagarism. The games held by the greeks and trojans are similar to the Olympic Games. The downfall of characters, cities or monsters can be seen often in many stories. Maybe rewriting history is the effort of a plagarist to cheat true historical events. In 'Calypso'; Denver portrays women in general as being superior to men by using the beautiful and enchanting goddess, Kalypso, from Homer's epic. John Denver encompasses all women in his song by providing Kalypso as a universal symbol. Along with the relationship between Odysseus and Kalypso and men and women, there are other interpreted allusions from the Odyssey to Kalypso's song. What city is his home? Who is Circe of Aeaea? In his wanderings, Odysseus receives impressive help from the Phaeacians and, initially, from Aeolus. Circe is of great assistance after Odysseus conquers her, and the Lotus-eaters might be a little too helpful. On the other hand, the Sirens are sweet-sounding hosts of death, and Cyclops Polyphemus makes no pretense toward hospitality. In fact, Polyphemus scoffs at the concept and the gods that support it. Zeus himself, king of the gods, is known as the greatest advocate of hospitality and the suppliants who request it; yet even he allows the sea god Poseidon to punish the Phaeacians for their generous tradition of returning wayfarers to their homelands. The most striking example of loyalty in the epic is, of course, Penelope, who waits faithfully for 20 years for her husband's return. Another example is Telemachus, who stands by his father against the suitors. Odysseus' old nurse, Eurycleia, remains loyal to Penelope and her absent master. Eumaeus, the swineherd, and Philoetius, the cowherd, are exemplary in their loyalty to their master and his possessions. Also an excellent if humble host, Eumaeus makes his king proud as he speaks respectfully of the royal family and abhors the invasion of the suitors. In contrast are goatherd Melanthius and maidservant Melantho. Melanthius has become friendly with the suitors and insults Odysseus while the king is still in disguise. The loyal servants are rewarded; those who betray their master are dealt with more harshly. This issue, however, can be complicated because many of the people from whom Odysseus expects loyalty are actually his property. Even his wife, Penelope, literally belongs to her husband. As abhorrent as that may seem to a modern reader, possession is part of the justification for a double standard when it comes to sexual fidelity. Penelope is expected to be absolutely faithful to her husband. Given the account of the battle in the hall at the end of the epic, one might well imagine what would happen to her upon Odysseus' return if she were not. Odysseus, on the other hand, is not bound by the same expectation of fidelity. Penelope and Odysseus especially embody the theme of perseverance. One of the reasons that they are well matched is that they are both survivors. Odysseus has been absent for 20 years, 10 at the Trojan War and 10 more in his journey home. According to the most aggressive of the suitors, Antinous, Penelope has persevered against the invaders for about four years 2. Odysseus' perseverance is legendary, especially in the section of the epic involving his wanderings Books