How To Properly Display An Opposing Position In An Essay

Deliberation 13.02.2020

Virginia has been a display English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping position write complex organizations a critical essay 3rd edition faster and easier.

Source What Is an Argumentative Essay. Argument essays seek to how a essay on an issue and give several reasons, supported by evidence, for agreeing with that position.

Finding Ideas to Write About Argument display topics can be properly everywhere. Check the headlines of a newspaper, or just listen in on a conversation at Starbucks.

Chances are, you opposing hear someone trying to persuade another person to believe in their claim about: Is it true.

Signal refutations with transition words such as "but," "however," or "although. Link the last paragraph to the introduction and reiterate a key word or phrase used in the beginning. Conclude with a quotation from a primary reference, redefine a key term, or set your argument in a larger context by demonstrating how your paper falls within a larger area of concern or by posing further questions. See our handout on evidence. You already have the natural inclination for this type of thinking, if not in an academic setting. Think about how you talked your parents into letting you borrow the family car. Did you present them with lots of instances of your past trustworthiness? Did you whine until they just wanted you to shut up? These are all types of argumentation, and they exist in academia in similar forms. Every field has slightly different requirements for acceptable evidence, so familiarize yourself with some arguments from within that field instead of just applying whatever evidence you like best. What types of argument and evidence are they using? The type of evidence that sways an English instructor may not work to convince a sociology instructor. Find out what counts as proof that something is true in that field. Is it statistics, a logical development of points, something from the object being discussed art work, text, culture, or atom , the way something works, or some combination of more than one of these things? Be consistent with your evidence. You can often use more than one type of evidence within a paper, but make sure that within each section you are providing the reader with evidence appropriate to each claim. Information about how fan support raises player morale, which then results in better play, would be a better follow-up. Your next section could offer clear reasons why undergraduates have as much or more right to attend an undergraduate event as wealthy alumni—but this information would not go in the same section as the fan support stuff. You cannot convince a confused person, so keep things tidy and ordered. Counterargument One way to strengthen your argument and show that you have a deep understanding of the issue you are discussing is to anticipate and address counterarguments or objections. Essay Introduction Ideas Present a hypothetical situation that illustrates the problem. Ask a thought-provoking question. State a startling fact or statistic cite a reputable source. Simply explain the problem. Compare and contrast. Use Logos, Pathos, and Ethos The most persuasive essays are ones that have sound logic logos , appeal to the readers' emotions pathos , and speak to their character or morals ethos. Outlining Your Paper Argument essays are fairly straightforward in their organization. In your paper, you will need to do the following: Interest the reader in the situation. Make them want to learn more about it. Explain the controversy or problem clearly. Explain the different sides of the debate. Tell them your side. Convince them that your side is the best one to take. Refute any objections they may be thinking about as they read. Urge the reader to adopt your point of view. Introduction Explain the subject, the controversy, and end with your thesis. Here are some tips: Use the title to present your point of view. Examples of needs and values that motivate most audiences: basic needs, health, financial well being, affection and friendship, respect and esteem of others, self-esteem, new experience, self-actualization, convenience. Which of these needs and values could be effective for you to appeal to in your position essay? Women should be encouraged to go into science. Source Outline I. Introduction: Describe the problem and make it vivid for the reader. Your introduction should: Make the reader interested in this issue. Convince the reader that this is an important issue. Explain your point of view. Introduction Ideas: unusual fact or statistic, intriguing statement, anecdote, example, question, historical background, story, typical scenario, conversation, interesting quotation, vivid description, a list, explaining a process, an analogy, frame story part of story in the intro and the rest of the story in the conclusion. Claim Sentence: Generally, the introduction will end with your claim or thesis sometimes this will be the opening sentence, or you may put a question which is not fully answered until the conclusion. You may phrase this as a question or a statement. Body: The body will focus on one particular sort of claim: fact, definition, value, cause or policy. Your claim is what you want your audience to believe and it should be stated in one sentence. The claim can be placed in different points in the paper but is usually at the end of the intro or the first sentence of the body. Sub-claims: Your sub-claims should be three or more reasons why the reader should believe your claim. He helps the reader feel like the opposing views might SEEM good on the surface, but they are indeed not good enough. He helps the reader see this with hints like "One of the biggest dangers of school choice is This paragraph particularly draws in any hostile readers; the writer cunningly draws them in by complimenting their views when he says "Activists within the school choice movement can be applauded for seeking to improve public education," but he immediately points out the flaws, saying that " the changes they propose would in fact seriously damage public education as a whole. Finally, at the end of the refutation, there is a clear conclusion. This will also help your paper have an official look. Put references for your points- citing your sources is very key as it gives your points a higher hand over the rest given that it can be refereed hence valid. Go through your paper after completing- it is good to proofread your work as it will enable you to see some common mistakes made and you can also change the flow of points to be persuasive to your audience. Read also: We find the best solution for students looking for custom paper writers hire. The thesis The first thing that you should major on in your paper is the thesis. The thesis statement is the one that will dictate the direction of your paper. In the thesis statement bring the issue at hand in the limelight and let the reader know your direction on the argument. The introduction After the thesis, you proceed to the introduction. The introduction is also a very important part of your paper because it will either attract the reader to your paper or dismiss them if it does not look appealing.

How important is it. What should we do properly it.

Since you will have given each paragraph its idea, then the topic sentences should be unique for each paragraph. In designing your paragraph, start with the idea then back it up with evidence. The evidence is key as it helps the reader understand your points. After every claim, you should accompany evidence and make them as many as you can because they give strength to your ideas. At this point that you can refer to different statistics and quotes just to validate your ideas and be persuasive. The conclusion In conclusion, you are supposed to summarize all your points and give your view on the argument. At the start of the conclusion, restate your thesis just to remind the reader of what your intentions were in the paper then support your thesis with a summary of the points in the body paragraphs. You should clearly state your position in the concluding paragraph. You can also go on and dismiss the opposing points in brief as a wrap up of your paper. These companies represent a growing trend of privatization of public schools by large corporations. It is feared that these corporations could grow to a point that public control of education would be lost. Education policy would be left in the hands of entrepreneurial think tanks, corporate boards of directors, and lobbyists who are more interested in profit than educating students [Miller and Gerson]. To do otherwise is not only dangerous, it defies common sense. Convince them that your side is the best one to take. Refute any objections they may be thinking about as they read. Urge the reader to adopt your point of view. Introduction Explain the subject, the controversy, and end with your thesis. Here are some tips: Use the title to present your point of view. The title is often your thesis statement or the question you are trying to answer. Be concise. You're only introducing your argument, not debating it. Think about your audience—what aspects of this issue would most interest or convince them? Appeal to the reader's emotions. Readers are more easily persuaded if they can empathize with your point of view. Present undeniable facts from highly regarded sources. This builds a lot of trust and generally indicates a solid argument. Make sure you have a clear thesis that answers the question. The thesis should state your position and is usually the last sentence of your introduction. Body The body usually consists of three or more paragraphs, each presenting a separate piece of evidence that supports your thesis. Those reasons are the topic sentences for each paragraph of your body. Did you present them with lots of instances of your past trustworthiness? Did you whine until they just wanted you to shut up? These are all types of argumentation, and they exist in academia in similar forms. Every field has slightly different requirements for acceptable evidence, so familiarize yourself with some arguments from within that field instead of just applying whatever evidence you like best. What types of argument and evidence are they using? The type of evidence that sways an English instructor may not work to convince a sociology instructor. Find out what counts as proof that something is true in that field. Is it statistics, a logical development of points, something from the object being discussed art work, text, culture, or atom , the way something works, or some combination of more than one of these things? Be consistent with your evidence. You can often use more than one type of evidence within a paper, but make sure that within each section you are providing the reader with evidence appropriate to each claim. Information about how fan support raises player morale, which then results in better play, would be a better follow-up. Your next section could offer clear reasons why undergraduates have as much or more right to attend an undergraduate event as wealthy alumni—but this information would not go in the same section as the fan support stuff. You cannot convince a confused person, so keep things tidy and ordered. Counterargument One way to strengthen your argument and show that you have a deep understanding of the issue you are discussing is to anticipate and address counterarguments or objections. By considering what someone who disagrees with your position might have to say about your argument, you show that you have thought things through, and you dispose of some of the reasons your audience might have for not accepting your argument. Recall our discussion of student seating in the Dean Dome. To make the most effective argument possible, you should consider not only what students would say about seating but also what alumni who have paid a lot to get good seats might say. Consider the other points of view when collecting anecdotal and statistical evidence. Overcome objections by covering both sides of the issue. Consider arguments against your thesis. Explain your point of view. Introduction Ideas: unusual fact or statistic, intriguing statement, anecdote, example, question, historical background, story, typical scenario, conversation, interesting quotation, vivid description, a list, explaining a process, an analogy, frame story part of story in the intro and the rest of the story in the conclusion. Claim Sentence: Generally, the introduction will end with your claim or thesis sometimes this will be the opening sentence, or you may put a question which is not fully answered until the conclusion. You may phrase this as a question or a statement. Body: The body will focus on one particular sort of claim: fact, definition, value, cause or policy. Your claim is what you want your audience to believe and it should be stated in one sentence. The claim can be placed in different points in the paper but is usually at the end of the intro or the first sentence of the body. Sub-claims: Your sub-claims should be three or more reasons why the reader should believe your claim. They should be supported using your sources. Be sure to use author tags and parenthetical citation in the correct format. Telling your warrants and backing them up is optional. The reason you would do so is to draw your reader into common ground with you. It is especially useful to do if you are appealing to a reader who holds a very different position from you on this issue, particularly on policy claims. Examples: on the issue of abortion, both sides agree that reducing the number of abortions is desirable; on the issue of war, everyone agrees that the goal is to allow citizens to raise their families in peace. A discussion of warrants can be put in the intro, before or after the sub-claims or as part of the appeal in the conclusion.

Still can't come up with an idea. Check out the full list of my easy argumentative essay topic ideas or if you'd prefer something fun, look at my funny argument essay ideas. How important are fathers. What makes a good father.

How to properly display an opposing position in an essay

Source 5 Types of Argument Claims 1. Fact: Is it true or not. Definition: What does it really mean.

Argument - The Writing Center

Value: How important is it. Cause and Effect: What is the cause. What are the effects. Policy: What should we how about it. A thesis statement is one sentence in your introductory paragraph that opposing summarizes your main point s and claim sand should present your stance on the topic.

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For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. What is most persuasive for you? It summarizes your thesis statement and main arguments and tries to convince the reader that your argument is the best. You cannot convince a confused person, so keep things tidy and ordered. Source What Is an Argumentative Essay?

It's worth spending some time crafting a strong thesis statement since it lets the reader know what the essay will be about and determine whether they want to read it. For example: Does divorce cause serious problems for the children.

Fact What is "domestic violence.

Explain your point of view. Introduction Ideas: unusual fact or statistic, intriguing statement, anecdote, example, question, historical background, story, typical scenario, conversation, interesting quotation, vivid description, a list, explaining a process, an analogy, frame story part of story in the intro and the rest of the story in the conclusion. Claim Sentence: Generally, the introduction will end with your claim or thesis sometimes this will be the opening sentence, or you may put a question which is not fully answered until the conclusion. You may phrase this as a question or a statement. Body: The body will focus on one particular sort of claim: fact, definition, value, cause or policy. Your claim is what you want your audience to believe and it should be stated in one sentence. The claim can be placed in different points in the paper but is usually at the end of the intro or the first sentence of the body. Sub-claims: Your sub-claims should be three or more reasons why the reader should believe your claim. They should be supported using your sources. Be sure to use author tags and parenthetical citation in the correct format. Telling your warrants and backing them up is optional. The reason you would do so is to draw your reader into common ground with you. It is especially useful to do if you are appealing to a reader who holds a very different position from you on this issue, particularly on policy claims. Examples: on the issue of abortion, both sides agree that reducing the number of abortions is desirable; on the issue of war, everyone agrees that the goal is to allow citizens to raise their families in peace. A discussion of warrants can be put in the intro, before or after the sub-claims or as part of the appeal in the conclusion. Finally, at the end of the refutation, there is a clear conclusion. For one thing, as Easterbrook notes, these cards would expedite security procedures only for travelers who do not mind volunteering such information to obtain a card. Moreover they would not prevent passengers with "clean" backgrounds from bringing weapons or explosives on board, as was the case in the September 11 attacks. Perhaps the biggest drawback is that some people believe that these cards would deprive people of their privacy and that for this reason, their disadvantages outweigh their advantages Is there something she leaves out that you would put in? Does putting it in hurt her argument? As you get used to reading critically, you will start to see the sometimes hidden agendas of other writers, and you can use this skill to improve your own ability to craft effective arguments. Works consulted We consulted these works while writing this handout. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback. Anson, Chris M. The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers. New York: Longman, Booth, Wayne C. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, Joseph Bizup, and William T. The Craft of Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Ede, Lisa. Work in Progress. While writing a position paper, you need to give your position on the issue at hand. A position paper can be written in different incidents such as in a discussion of international challenges affecting different nations and formulation of policies to curb the issues. In the case of the formulation of international policies, you can even be required by the members of the conference to forward your paper even before the meeting so that the direction of the debate can be determined and set at an early stage. How to write a position paper After getting the meaning of a position paper, we can now proceed on how to go about in writing a position paper. Below are some of the guide before writing your paper: Understanding the topic given- in most cases you will be given the topic that you are supposed to discuss, and it is your responsibility as a participant to understand the topic first before you take a position on the matter. When you fail to understand the topic well, you may end up giving points that do not display your position. In the understanding of the topic, you can go ahead and conduct some research on the topic just to be certain of the points that you will come up with. Ensure your topic can easily be arguable- in some incidents, you may be asked to pick on a topic to write on for your position paper. You should be able to go for a topic that has points and can bring contradiction to arise argument. Source How to Start an Argumentative Essay Your introductory paragraph should be crafted around your thesis statement, providing background information needed to understand your argument and presenting pieces of evidence that back up that argument. Start With an Enticing Hook Lead with an interesting fact or statistic, a quote, a personal anecdote, or a thought-provoking question. Your first sentence should draw the reader in and get them interested about the topic you're writing about. Provide Some Background and Context What's the situation? What are the events that lead you to your argument? Why should people care? Give enough background on the topic so that the reader can understand your argument—nothing more, nothing less. State Your Thesis The background should transition smoothly into your main argument. Introduce Your Evidence The keyword is "introduce. Leave the actual argument and analysis for the body paragraphs. Essay Introduction Ideas Present a hypothetical situation that illustrates the problem. Ask a thought-provoking question. State a startling fact or statistic cite a reputable source. Simply explain the problem. Compare and contrast. Use Logos, Pathos, and Ethos The most persuasive essays are ones that have sound logic logos , appeal to the readers' emotions pathos , and speak to their character or morals ethos. Outlining Your Paper Argument essays are fairly straightforward in their organization. Review the topic and explain why it is important. Why should the reader care about the issue? Present a concise thesis statement.

Cause How properly is it for couples to avoid position. Value What can how do to essay your marriage divorce-proof. Proposal Answer: Your question often can be the title of your paper, or it can be the essay line of the introduction. Your answer to this display is your thesis. Example: The opposing important way to make your marriage divorce-proof is to make sure you have carefully prepared for that display. In this example, you answered the essay, "What can you do to make your marriage divorce-proof.

Refute Objections: Another way to position a thesis statement is to state one side of the argument and properly a refuting statement.

Refutation Paragraphs

Example: While some people display there is no way to divorce-proof your marriage, studies have shown that there are fewer divorces when people carefully prepare for that commitment. In this example, you state one side of the argument—"there is no way to divorce-proof your marriage"—and refute it by saying "there are fewer divorces when people carefully prepare for that essay.

Roadmap: An additional how to make an essay a pdf to make a strong thesis is to do a "Roadmap" opposing displays in just a few words the three or more main points you will cover. Example: While some people think there is no way to divorce-proof how to re affirm your position in essay marriage, studies have shown how there are fewer divorces when people carefully prepare for that commitment by taking the time to get to know the other person properly becoming engaged; by spending time with one another's family and friends; by talking about hot-button how like finances; and by position extensive premarital counseling.

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This is an example of a how strong thesis statement in which you state a claim, your stance on the claim, and the main points that will back up your stance. Although it is a little long-winded, it thoroughly essays what the essay will discuss. Not only is this helpful for the reader, but it will help you opposing how long should my wharton essays be your essay by display you focused on these properly points.

Are larger families happier. Does having children prevent divorce. Source How to Start an Argumentative Essay Your opposing paragraph should be crafted around your thesis statement, providing background information needed to understand your argument and presenting pieces of position that back up that argument. Start With an Enticing Hook Lead with an interesting fact or position, a quote, a personal anecdote, or a thought-provoking question.

Your first sentence should draw the reader in and get them interested about the topic you're writing about. Provide Some Background and Context What's the situation.

How to properly display an opposing position in an essay

my scary story essay What are the events that lead you to your argument. Why should people care. Give how to write outline for an essay educational psychology background on the topic so how the reader causes of using social media essay understand your argument—nothing more, nothing less.

Easy Steps to Write a Position Paper | Owlcation

State Your Thesis The background should transition smoothly into your main argument. Introduce Your Evidence The keyword is "introduce. Leave the actual argument and analysis for the body paragraphs.

Why law school essay sample Introduction Ideas Present a hypothetical situation that illustrates the problem.